ELA / Literacy Shift

Rigor-Regular practice with complex text and academic language

Evidence-Reading, writing and speaking grounded in Evidence from the text, both literary and informational

Building knowledge– through content-rich non-fiction

Introduction to Reading:



-Receive modeling and explicit instruction from expert teachers for the skills and motivation to read complex materials.

-Read a wide variety of literature that appeals to their interests.

-Work with teachers ask questions

-Participate in assessments that determine their literacy strengths and needs.

-Work with a reading specialist if they have difficulty learning how to read.

-Receive support from their home and in the community.







Supporting Comprehension:


-Cooperative learning—problem solving or sharing ideas with peers through discussions, debates, and other peer-led activities.


-Comprehension monitoring—knowing when comprehension breaks down and knowing the fix-up strategies for improving the comprehension when it does break down, such as rereading, applying reasoning, or using the organizational signals within the text.


-Using text structure—understanding that texts are organized by displaying the organization graphically.


-Answering questions—answering teachers’ questions and receiving feedback in order to demonstrate an understanding of the text.


-Generating questions—asking questions about information in the text.


-Summarizing—making generalizations that sum up the most important information in the text.